Rural Development : Govt Schemes

Progress of Ministry of Rural Development

The Ministry of Rural Development accords foremost priority to development in rural areas and eradication of poverty and hunger from the face of rural India. A number of new initiatives have been taken in the recent years for creation of social and economic infrastructure in rural areas to bridge the rural urban divide as well as to provide food security and to fulfil other basic needs of the rural populace.

Rural Development Schemes by Ministry of Rural Development

The Ministry of Rural Development is also committed to fulfill the goals of Bharat Nirman – a time-bound action plan for development of rural infrastructure espoused by the President of India Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam who described it as “the platform on which my government will construct its New Deal for Rural India”. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh extolled that “Bharat Nirman will be time-bound business plan for action in rural infrastructure for the next four years. Under Bharat Nirman, action is proposed in the areas of irrigation, roads, rural housing, rural water supply, rural electrification and rural telecommunication connectivity.

Effectiveness of Government Schemes in Rural Development

While analyzing the government programs; it would be helpful to consider the cross-opinions[1], as earlier, which shows a grosser picture about the perception of the various stakeholders about the success of various schemes floated by the Government of India.

As seen from the above analysis; when all the three stakeholders are analyzed together, the mean popularity of all the schemes comes to be 25%, Further, SGSY and Watershed Programs seems to be most popular at 39.8% and 39.3% respectively, TSC stands at 22.5%, IAY at 20.7% while the least popular scheme seems to be ARWSP at 6% average.

The correlation coefficients between the three stakeholders are as shown in the above scatter. The Government Officials and NGOs share a strong correlation amongst their responses at 0.93, the Villagers and Government Officials also show a moderately high correlation at 0.73 while the coefficient of correlation between the Villagers and NGOs seems to least amongst the three stakeholders at r = 0.67.

The above facts do show that; the most successful rural development programs implemented by the Government of India comes under the heads of creating self-help groups[2] through the SGSY and various irrigation or watershed programs under the schemes IWDP and DPAP. The NGOs and the Government Officials showed a very high degree of agreement on the above said programs. Albeit, the villagers were also seemed to be happy with housing through IAY along with the above mentioned programs.


ARWSP               Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme

DPAP                   Drought Prone Area Programme

IAY                      Indira Awaas Yojana

IWDP                  Integrated Wasteland Development Programme

SGSY                   Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana

TSC                      Total Sanitation Campaign

[1] As responded by the NGOs, Government Officials and the Villagers respectively from the questionnaires delivered to them


[2] Though many self-help groups are created by the NGOs even without the aid of the Government of India through their innovative methods



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